“To Change, or not to Change”
This blog is part of my ZionBound series. The full series can be read in post order here.
This objection is frequently used by members of Community of Christ, as well as by members of various other Restoration factions. Having encountered it so many times, I decided some time ago to explore this objection, and as a result, I have come to believe that it is flawed. If you stick with me, I’ll endeavor to explain why.
The objection (that God does not change) is of course based on various verses of scripture, which do indeed state, in one form or another, that God does not change. We find some of these verses in the Bible and some in the Book of Mormon. Here are some examples:
“For I am the Lord, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.” -Malachi 3:6 (IV)
“But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.”
-Psalm 102:27 (IV)
“Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and today, and forever.”
-Hebrews 13:8 (IV)
“Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.” –James 1:17 (IV)
81 And if there were miracles wrought, then why has God ceased to be a God of miracles, and yet be an unchangeable being.
82 And behold I say unto you, He changeth not; if so, he would cease to be God; and he ceaseth not to be God, and is a God of miracles.
–Mormon 4 (CofC 1908)
“For I know that God is not a partial God, neither a changeable being; but he is unchangeable from all eternity to all eternity.”
–Moroni 8:19 (CofC 1908)
These verses, read in isolation, do indeed seem to suggest that God cannot change his mind. The question then becomes “are there any verses that state that God can change His mind?” As far as I know, the answer to that question is “no”. I have yet to find a verse in our Standard of Authority that states that God can change.
Yet, if we are being honest with ourselves, we have to acknowledge that sometimes there are statements in scripture that seem to say different things. This means there is another factor to consider.
You see, an honest, in-depth exploration of this question, “can God change his mind?” must not be limited to simply looking for verses that inform us if God can change. If we form our conclusions simply on the existence, or lack of, verses that say “God can change”, then we are ignoring the bulk of our sacred canon, for probably very self-serving reasons.
We need to look for a verse that, while perhaps not saying that God can change his mind, nevertheless serves as an example of God doing just that; and the reality is, there is such a verse:
109 And it came to pass that the Lord of the vineyard said unto the servant, Let us go to, and hew down the trees of the vineyard, and cast them into the fire, that they shall not cumber the ground of my vineyard: for I have done all; what could I have done more for my vineyard?
110 But behold, the servant said unto the Lord of the vineyard, Spare it a little longer.
111 And the Lord said, Yea, I will spare it a little longer: for it grieveth me that I should lose the trees of my vineyard.
-Jacob chapter 3 (CofC 1908)
The above passage is part of a message from God given to the prophet Zenos, in which God reveals to Zenos his interactions with the nation of Israel, which he compares to an olive tree in a vineyard (v30, 31). Therefore, the “lord of the vineyard” is God, who as we see above, has changed his mind.
Some people may not accept this scripture as a valid example of God changing his mind based on the fact that God’s plan is “likened” to a tame olive tree. God reveals his plan for the House of Israel through an elaborate metaphor.
However, the key point here is that the metaphor is given to Zenos by God himself, for the purpose of simplifying (for the sake of Zenos’ understanding), God’s interactions with Israel. With this in mind, it is not plausible that the character of the Lord of the Vineyard, made up by God to be representative of God, would say or do something that God himself would not.
There is however an even more important reason why the “god cannot change” objection is flawed.
It is actually not necessary to prove that God can change his mind. We don’t need to advocate that position whatsoever.
All that is required is that we can demonstrate that God can bring about change. That he can change various aspects of his creation, including the rules of his church & priesthood, to suit his purposes, as he deems needful.
Doing such does not need to mean that God has changed his mind, as it is very plausible that such changes were always part of God’s plan from the beginning.
God may be unchanging, but we must understand that this is in reference to his nature. He is divine, he is eternal, he is loving, he is all powerful, he is wise, and he is just. These aspects do not change.
Yet, these unchanging aspects of God’s nature do not prevent God from bringing about change, from making alterations, from causing transformation.
I would also submit that change is itself a divine trait. Again, God does not, in my opinion, change in regard to his immortality, power, wisdom, perfect justice, etc; but change must be something that is itself reflective of God, because change is a key characteristic of every aspect of creation.
You see, God is a god of transformation, and transformation is simply another word for change.
Questions to Ponder
1. How does the question “Does God change?” relate to the belief that we are created in God’s image?
2. Does God need to change to bring about change?
3. Accept for the moment that God can change things. What would be a good reason to do so?